• Pre-Medical Technology
    Hands-on experience
    is key to learning
  • Pre-Medical Technology
    At MTSU, lab classes prepare students for the future
  • Pre-Medical Technology
    One-on-one instruction
    is part of being at MTSU
  • Pre-Medical Technology
    Finding out about parasites is one of
    many important labs

Pre-Medical Technology

The medical technologist is the backbone of many physician practices and medical laboratories. Mastering the latest technology and analytical procedures, the technologist is an invaluable part of the team that helps doctors detect, diagnose, and treat diseases in their patients. Medical technology is also a key component in monitoring patient wellness.

The value of shadowing

The value of shadowing

All of MTSU's Health Science Pre-Professional Programs require a good amount of shadowing—of following and observing professionals in the field as they go through the daily routine. For many students, this requirement is also the experience that cements their determination to pursue their career of choice. Students in the Pre-Medical Technology program have the opportunity to shadow two hours a week at either Vanderbilt University Medical Center or the Veteran's Affairs Medical Center.

Be Pre-pared

Be Pre-pared

Pre-Scripts is a pre-professional organization for students pursuing careers in the health sciences. The organization brings in local pharmacists, physicians, physical therapists, and other health care professionals, as well as representatives of schools and the armed services, to provide students firsthand insights into the different Health Science careers and valuable information about applying for health professional schools and programs. Pre-Scripts in also involved in community service projects and organizes trips to professional schools. (The organization meets on the second and fourth Wednesday of each month.)

In the medical field especially, it seems that every day brings with it a new breakthrough. Choosing a career as a medical technologist means choosing a career where there is always something new to learn—and someone whose health will benefit as a result. Career options include 

  • Analytical chemist  
  • Bacteriologist
  • Biochemist hemotherapist
  • Blood bank technologist
  • Chemist
  • Clinical chemistry technologist
  • Clinical pathologist
  • Crime lab analyst    
  • Cytotechnologist
  • Food and drug inspector
  • Histologist
  • Medical equipment sales representative
  • Medical laboratory manager
  • Medical librarian
  • Medical technologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Quality control specialist
  • Parasitologist
  • Pharmaceutical sales representative
  • Public health specialist
  • Research assistant
  • Toxicologist


Pre-Professional students have gone on to programs at

  • Auburn University
  • Austin Peay State University
  • Belmont
  • Creighton University
  • DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • East Tennessee State University
  • Logan University
  • Medical College of Georgia
  • St. Louis University
  • Samford University
  • Southern College of Optometry
  • South University
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • University of Health Sciences Antigua
  • University of Louisville
  • University of Tennessee
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center
  • Western Kentucky University

Dr. Anthony L. Farone
Professor
anthony.farone@mtsu.edu

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Students in the Pre-Medical Technology program can pursue a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in medical technology by either of two paths: 1) two years of study at MTSU, followed by two years at the University of Tennessee, Health Science Center School of Medical Technology, or 2) three years of study at MTSU followed by one year at a nationally approved school of medical technology.

The sample schedule below is based on the current undergraduate catalog. It is not a substitute for academic advisement. Contact your advisor if you have any questions about scheduling or about your degree requirements or consult the undergraduate catalog (catalog.mtsu.edu) for a complete list of requirements and electives.

You may choose to attend a summer term to reduce your load during fall or spring terms but still stay on track to graduate in four years. (Refer to the scholarships website for information regarding use of the Lottery Scholarship for the summer term.)

NOTE: Learning Support courses will alter the sequences on this map. Missing milestones could delay your program.

Pre-Medical Technology

Department of Chemistry
Middle Tennessee State University | Murfreesboro


Suggested Fall/Spring and Summer/Fall/Spring Four-Year Schedule

Click here for printer friendly academic map.

FRESHMAN FALL FRESHMAN SPRING
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111 (Nat Sci)4Take CHEM 1010/1011 if weak or no background in Chemistry CHEM 1120/CHEM 11214 
BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111 (Nat Sci)4  BIOL 1120/BIOL 11214 
MATH 1710 (Math)3  PHYS 2010/2011 or PHYS 11104
ENGL 1010 (Comm)3  ENGL 1020 (Comm)3 
Elective1Students are required to see Pre-Medical Technology advisor.   Students are required to see Pre-Medical Technology advisor.
SUBTOTAL15  SUBTOTAL15 
SOPHOMORE FALL SOPHOMORE SPRING
CHEM 3010/CHEM 30114  BIOL 3250/BIOL 32514 
BIOL 2230/BIOL 22314  CHEM 3020/30214 
Hum/FA (Rubric 1)3  Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 1)3 
ENGL 2020, ENGL 2030, or HUM 2610 (Hum/FA)3  HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
Elective1Students are required to see Pre-Medical Technology advisor.  Elective1Students are required to see Pre-Medical Technology advisor.
SUBTOTAL15  SUBTOTAL15 
JUNIOR FALL JUNIOR SPRING
CHEM 3530/CHEM 35314  BIOL 4110/BIOL 41114 
BIOL 4300/BIOL 43014  Biology upper-division elective4See advisor
Elective2BIOL 2000 rec. Hum/FA (Rubric 2)3 
Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 2)3  HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
COMM 2200 (Comm)3Students are required to see Pre-Medical Technology advisor.   Students are required to see Pre-Medical Technology advisor.
SUBTOTAL16  SUBTOTAL14 
SENIOR FALL SENIOR SPRING
Students will attend interviews in the fall or spring of the junior year. If accepted into a medical technology program, student will receive the B.S. degree after completion of the medical technology program.

TOTAL HOURS IN PROGRAM: 120

Graduation information may be accessed here.

Biology

BIOL 1030 - Exploring Life
4 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 1031. Designed for non-majors. Offers understanding, experiences, and skills related to common biological issues. Includes class discussions, small group activities, lectures, selected readings, and laboratory investigations. Students earning an A in BIOL 1030/1031 and wishing to declare a major or minor in Biology may substitute BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 for BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111 toward meeting the requirement for the major or minor. Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory.

BIOL 1031 - Exploring Life Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 1030.

BIOL 1110 - General Biology
4 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 1111. Primarily for Biology majors and minors and other science-oriented students. Biological principles and processes, including introduction to the nature of science, cells (structure, function, metabolism, division), genetics, evolution, viruses, bacteria, protists, and fungi. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory. While BIOL 1110 can be used to fulfill half the 8-hour General Education requirement for Natural Sciences, it is the first semester of a two-semester sequence primarily designed for science majors.

BIOL 1111 - General Biology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 1110.

BIOL 1120 - General Biology
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031  with a minimum grade of A or BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111. Corequisite: BIOL 1121. Primarily for Biology majors and minors and other science-oriented students. Survey of plants and animals emphasizing evolution, structure, function, reproduction, growth, and ecology. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 1121 - General Biology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 1120.

BIOL 2000 - Orientation to the Medical Lab
2 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 2001. Open to anyone in medical and allied medical careers, but may not be taken as part of Biology major. Survey of medical lab careers, curricula, and affiliated laboratory programs; experience in medical laboratory testing procedures. One hour lecture and one two-hour laboratory.

BIOL 2001 - Orientation to the Medical Lab Field Experience Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 2000.

BIOL 2010 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I
4 credit hours
Completion of  BIOL 1030 and  BIOL 1031 or a grade of C or better in high school chemistry and biology within the last five years is strongly recommended. Corequisite:  BIOL 2011 . Meets requirements for many pre-health professional programs including nursing. Structure and function of the cell, integumentary, skeletal, muscle, and nervous systems. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.  

BIOL 2011 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 2010.

BIOL 2020 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: C or better in BIOL 2010/BIOL 2011. Corequisite: BIOL 2021. Meets requirements for many pre-health professional programs including nursing. Structure and function of endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and reproductive systems. Biology majors passing both BIOL 2010/BIOL 2111 and BIOL 2020/BIOL 2021 with a C or better may substitute both courses for BIOL 3020. However, the substitution is not recommended for pre-med students and does not count for upper-division hours. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 2021 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 2020.

BIOL 2030 - Anatomy and Physiology
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 or BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111. Corequisite: BIOL 2031. General structure and physiological activities of human systems. Two hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory.

BIOL 2031 - Anatomy and Physiology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 2030.

BIOL 2230 - Microbiology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121 or BIOL 2010/BIOL 2011, BIOL 2020/BIOL 2021. Concepts and techniques pertaining to the morphology, physiology, reproduction, isolation, cultivation and identification of microorganisms with particular emphasis on bacteria. Topics include the impact of microorganisms in our daily lives, both adverse and beneficial. Background in General Chemistry is strongly recommended. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 2231 - Microbiology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 2230.

BIOL 3000 - Life Science for Elementary Teachers
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: 8 hours of science including BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 or equivalent. A process-oriented approach to the study of life with emphasis on execution and analysis of activities and experiments suited to the elementary school classroom. Six hours lecture and laboratory. (May not be used for Biology majors or minors.)

BIOL 3010 - Embryology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 3011. Early development of the frog, chick, pig, and human. Living material, whole mounts, and serial sections are used for studying cleavage, germ layer formation, histogenesis, and organogenesis. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 3011 - Embryology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 3010.

BIOL 3020 - Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A and BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 3021. Vertebrate morphology and the development and function of systems and organs. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 3021 - Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 3020.

BIOL 3030 - Non-Flowering Plants
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Structure, physiology, methods of reproduction, and classification of the algae, fungi, liverworts, mosses, and ferns. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 3040 - Entomology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 and BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Morphology, classification, evolution, life histories, and economic importance of insects. Five hours of lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 3050 - Parasitology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A and BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 3051. Life histories, host-parasite relationships, and control measures of the more common parasites of humans and domesticated animals. Two hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 3051 - Parasitology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 3050.

BIOL 3070 - Biology Seminar on Environmental Problems
3 credit hours
Causes, effects, and solutions of environmental problems. Three hours per week.

BIOL 3100 - History and Philosophy of Biology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Historical development of biology; the philosophy, ideas, and contributions of outstanding biologists. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 3160 - Social Issues and Genetic Technology
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 or BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111 and  BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Exploration of genetic principles related to contemporary issues. Provides students with the background needed to evaluate topics such as the release of genetically engineered plants and animals, the use of DNA fingerprinting techniques, the relationship between race and IQ, and others which impact their lives. Impact of genetics on society as well as society's influence on the science will be explored. Role of genetics in medicine and agriculture also emphasized. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 3200 - Internship in Biology
2 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department. Practical experience for students in a professional setting.

BIOL 3210 - Environmental Microbiology
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231. Corequisite: BIOL 3211. Deals with microorganisms commonly found in air, water, and soil. Two hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 3211 - Environmental Microbiology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 3210.

BIOL 3220 - Environmental Regulations and Compliance
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031  with a minimum grade of A and BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. An in-depth review and application of governmentally established regulations concerning environmental quality. Emphasis on major federal acts. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 3230 - Introduction to Biological Literature
2 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Application of methods of literature research in the biological sciences and techniques of scientific presentation and writing. Two hours lecture.

BIOL 3240 - Introduction to Evolution
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111 and BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121 or BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031. Scientific principles and concepts formulating the biological theory of evolution. Includes historical development of modern theory; Darwin's natural selection theory; and problems in speciation, systematics, and geographical distribution of species. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 3250 - Genetics
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A and BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 3251. An introductory course in genetics. Surveys and explores the sub-disciplines of genetics, including classical, molecular, and evolutionary genetics. Emphasis on the experiments, techniques, and theories forming the foundation of modern genetic research and its applications. Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory.

BIOL 3251 - Genetics Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 3250.

BIOL 3340 - Pathophysiology
3 credit hours
(Same as NURS 3010.) Prerequisites: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231, BIOL 2010/BIOL 2011, BIOL 2020/BIOL 2021. Basic mechanisms of disease processes and their role in disrupting normal physiology. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 3350 - Principles of Radiation in Medicine
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: PHYS 2010/PHYS 2011 and PHYS 2020/PHYS 2021. Basic concepts and theories of radiation physics. Detailed analysis of the structure of matter, properties of radiation, nuclear transformations, x-ray production, and interactions of ionizing radiation emphasized. Treatment units used in external radiation therapy, measurement and quality of ionizing radiation produced, absorbed dose measurement, dose distribution, and scatter analysis presented.

BIOL 3400 - General Ecology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A and BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121; CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111. Corequisite: BIOL 3401. Basic concepts of the ecosystem and community aquatic and terrestrial habitats and population ecology; complemented by field and laboratory activities. Three hours lecture and one-three hour laboratory.  

BIOL 3401 - General Ecology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 3400.

BIOL 3500 - Evolution
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251. Evolutionary biology for majors. Topics include history of evolutionary thinking, mechanisms of evolution, basic quantitative and population genetics, life-history theory, evolution of sex, correlated responses to selection, speciation, macroevolution, molecular evolution, fossil record and geologic time scale, phylogenic inference, and the emergence of life. Three hours lecture.  

BIOL 3890 - Biology Instruction Internship
1 credit hour
Prerequisites: Successful completion of target courses and permission of instructor. A course to refine thinking, communication, and interpersonal skills through exposure to on-the-spot technical questions and a laboratory teaching experience as an assistant in a biology laboratory. Credits will not count toward a major or minor in Biology. May be repeated for up to three credits.

BIOL 4060 - Dendrology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121 and BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251. Woody plants with emphasis on important timber trees of North America. Five hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4070 - Economic Botany
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Useful plants which have shaped civilization. Topics include origin of agriculture, fruits and nuts, grains and legumes, vegetables, spices and herbs, oils and waxes, medicinal plants, psychoactive plants. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 4080 - Mycology
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 4081. Emphasizes taxonomy, morphology, and culture of fungi and their importance to humans. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4081 - Mycology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4080.

BIOL 4110 - General Physiology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251; CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010 /CHEM 3011 . Corequisite: BIOL 4111. Physiological and chemical properties of life processes in animals using an organ systems approach. Emphasis on mammalian physiology. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4111 - General Physiology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4110.

BIOL 4120 - Flowering Plants
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A and BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Structure and classification of seed plants; a survey of local flora. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4130 - Histology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031  with a minimum grade of A and BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251; CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Corequisite: BIOL 4131. Microscopic anatomy of vertebrate cells, tissues, and organs. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4131 - Histology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4130.

BIOL 4140 - Invertebrate Zoology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031  with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 4141. Morphology, classification, evolution, life histories, and economic importance of invertebrate phyla. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4141 - Invertebrate Zoology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4140.

BIOL 4150 - Radiation Biology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: PHYS 2010/PHYS 2011 and PHYS 2020/PHYS 2021. Types and properties of ionizing radiation, isotopes and tracer study techniques, and the biological effects of ionizing radiations on living things.

BIOL 4170 - Endocrinology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251, BIOL 4110/BIOL 4111 or BIOL 2020/BIOL 2021; CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Study of hormones and other chemical messengers including synthesis, secretion, transport, receptors, cellular, and physiological activity. Focus on humans and other vertebrates. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 4180 - Vertebrate Zoology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 4181. Structure, life history, and classification of fish, amphibians, and mammals. Local representatives emphasized. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4181 - Vertebrate Zoology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4180.

BIOL 4200 - Seminar
2 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231, BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251, BIOL 3400/BIOL 3401, and  BIOL 3500. Readings and discussions from scientific literature on a particular theme that will incorporate and integrate cellular biology and energetics; genetics and molecular biology;  organismal biology of plants, animals, and microbes; evolution; and ecology. Majors are advised to take this course during the semester of graduation. Two hours lecture.  

BIOL 4210 - Cell and Molecular Biology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231, BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251; CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Corequisite: BIOL 4211. Cellular morphology and function. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4211 - Cell and Molecular Biology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4210.

BIOL 4220 - Ichthyology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 4221. The morphology, physiology, taxonomy, and ecology of fishes. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4221 - Ichthyology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4220.

BIOL 4250 - Limnology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121; CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111. Corequisite: BIOL 4251. Biological, chemical, and physical aspects of lakes and streams. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4251 - Limnology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4250.

BIOL 4260 - Nature Study
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Identification of local plants and animals and a consideration of the ecological principles governing them. Four hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4270 - Transmitting Electron Microscopy
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department. Tissue fixation, dehydration, embedding, and thin sectioning for examination and development of micrographs using a Zeiss electron microscope. Seven hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4280 - Undergraduate Research in Biology
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department. Selection, design, and conduction of projects typically allied with an instructor's research program. May be repeated for a total of four credits.

BIOL 4290 - Scanning Electron Microscopy
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department. Preparation of biological and non-biological materials for examination and development of micrographs using an ISI electron microscope. Seven hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4300 - Immunology
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231. Corequisite: BIOL 4301. Humoral and cellular mechanisms of immunity. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4301 - Immunology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4300.

BIOL 4320 - Seminar: Advancements in Biology
2 credit hours
Prerequisite: Senior standing. A broad overview of biological principles and recent research developments. Two hours lecture.

BIOL 4330 - Biome Analysis
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department and junior or senior standing. An intensive classroom and on-site study of a specific biome. Special emphasis on data collection and analysis. Consult the department chair for specific credits and costs.

BIOL 4331 - Biome Analysis Cedar Glade
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department and junior or senior standing. An intensive classroom and on-site study of a specific biome. Special emphasis on data collection and analysis. Consult the department chair for specific credits and costs.

BIOL 4332 - Biome Analysis Marine
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department and junior or senior standing. An intensive classroom and on-site study of a specific biome. Special emphasis on data collection and analysis. Consult the department chair for specific credits and costs.

BIOL 4333 - Biome Analysis Desert
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisites: Permission of department and junior or senior standing. An intensive classroom and on-site study of a specific biome. Special emphasis on data collection and analysis. Consult the department chair for specific credits and costs.

BIOL 4350 - Biometry
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031  with a minimum grade of A; BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111; BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121; BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251 and MATH 1910.Corequisite: BIOL 4351. Statistical methods utilized in biological research. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4351 - Biometry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4350.

BIOL 4360 - Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: BIOL 4290. Elemental analysis of materials using an energy dispersive x-ray system with scanning electron microscopy. Three hours laboratory.

BIOL 4390 - Ethology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111. Corequisite: BIOL 4391. Innate and learned animal behavior in primitive and advanced animals including behavior associated with space, reproduction, and food getting. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4391 - Ethology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4390.

BIOL 4400 - Medical Botany
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Plants affecting human health. Included are poisonous and psychoactive as well as remedial plants; both ethnobotanical and modern medicinal uses treated. Three hours lecture.

BIOL 4430 - Diagnostic Microbiology
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231. Microorganisms that cause disease in humans and other animals, their isolation and identification, mechanisms of disease causation, and methods of control. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4440 - General Virology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231; CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111, CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121. Viruses, with emphasis on their clinical importance and impact on biotechnology. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4450 - Molecular Genetics
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231, BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251; CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111, CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121. Basic techniques of microbial genetics and gene manipulation with emphasis on the application of molecular genetics in basic and applied research. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4460 - Human Genetics
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251. Corequisite: BIOL 4461. Application of the fundamental laws of inheritance to humans. Two hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4461 - Human Genetics Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4460.

BIOL 4500 - Plant Physiology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251; CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Plant growth, development, and metabolism at the cellular and whole plant levels. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory.

BIOL 4510 - Food and Industrial Microbiology
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231. Interaction between microorganisms and food; industrial processes of importance to humans. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4511 - Food and Industrial Microbiology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4510.

BIOL 4520 - Plant Anatomy and Development
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Explores plant cells, tissues, and organs from seed to fruit. Covers organization of cells and tissues and the dynamic nature of these structures, and whenever appropriate, molecular mechanisms responsible for their development and nature. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4540 - Topics in Environmental Education
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisites: Junior standing or above and permission of department.  An intensive classroom and field study of natural science and resources in Tennessee. Special emphasis on data collection, analysis, and problem solving. Target groups are upper-division students in biology and education. Consult the department chair for specific credits and costs. THIS COURSE DOES NOT APPLY TO THE BIOLOGY MAJOR OR MINOR.

BIOL 4550 - Biotechnology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121, BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231,and  BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251. Instruction in both theory and application of current research methodologies in biology and molecular biology. Topics include immunochemistry, polymerase chain reaction, restriction enzyme analysis, and electrophoresis. Five hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4560 - Neurobiology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 4561. Introduces comparative neurobiology. Topics include the basic structure and function of the nerve cell and organization of nervous systems of representative species of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4561 - Neurobiology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4560.

BIOL 4570 - Principles of Toxicology
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121; CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111, CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121, CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Corequisite: BIOL 4571. Study of adverse effects of chemical agents on living organisms; current toxicological techniques used in the laboratory. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory.

BIOL 4571 - Principles of Toxicology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4570.

BIOL 4580 - Marine Biology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121, CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111, and CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 4581. Introduction to the biological, chemical, and physical characteristics of major marine environments and their associated flora and fauna. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4581 - Marine Biology Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4580.

BIOL 4590 - Principles of Environmental Toxicology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121; CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111, CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121, CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Ecological effects of chemicals in the environment and techniques currently utilized to assess these effects. Lab includes current environmental assessment techniques, including biomonitoring. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4700 - Principles of Plant-Animal Interactions
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121. Corequisite: BIOL 4701. Evolutionary and ecological perspectives on how plants attract and repel organisms that influence their ability to survive and leave progeny. Topics include angiosperm evolution; the coevolution of plants with pollinators, herbivores, mycorrhizae, and N-fixing bacteria; how plant secondary metabolites facilitate or mitigate these interactions. Two hours lecture and three-hour laboratory.

BIOL 4701 - Principles of Plant-Animal Interaction Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4700.

BIOL 4720 - Animal Development
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121, and BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251; BIOL 4210 recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 4721. Processes and underlying molecular mechanisms by which a single fertilized egg develops into an adult organism, focusing on vertebrate development, but including insights gained from other model organisms. Three hours lecture and two hours lab.

BIOL 4721 - Animal Development Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: BIOL 4720.

BIOL 4730 - Microbial Physiology and Biochemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121, and BIOL 2230/BIOL 2231; CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111, CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121, and CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Survey of the physiology and biochemistry of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4740 - Research Methods
3 credit hours
(Same as CHEM/PHYS/MATH 4740.) Prerequisite: YOED 3520. Provides secondary science and mathematics teacher candidates with the tools that scientists use to solve scientific problems. Students will use these tools in a laboratory setting, communicate findings, and understand how scientists develop new knowledge.

BIOL 4750 - Plant Biotechnology
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121, BIOL 3250/BIOL 3251. Processes and reasoning behind the human manipulation of plant species for agricultural and technological purposes. Topics include traditional breeding techniques, tissue culture, plant cell transformation, and general plant molecular biology techniques as well as current debate over genetically modified organisms. Six hours lecture/laboratory.

BIOL 4760 - Introduction to Bioinformatics
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 1030/BIOL 1031 with a minimum grade of A. BIOL 1110/BIOL 1111, BIOL 1120/BIOL 1121, and CSCI 1170 or consent of instructor. Application of computer science to biological questions. Specifically applies to the computational aspects of data gathering, processing, storage, analysis, and visualization methods for use in revising and testing biological hypotheses. Students should have a strong background in either computer science or biology, be willing to learn about the other field in an accelerated fashion, and be willing to work cooperatively as part of an interdisciplinary team. Four hours of lecture/problem-solving per week.

Chemistry

CHEM 1010 - Introductory General Chemistry I
4 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 1011. For students with no prior courses in chemistry; to be taken before CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111. Fundamental concepts of chemistry: measurements, matter, chemical bonds, chemical reactions, nuclear chemistry, states of matter, solutions, and electrolytes. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory. Will not count toward a major or minor in Chemistry.

CHEM 1011 - Intro to General Chemistry I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 1010.

CHEM 1020 - Introductory General Chemistry II
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 1010/CHEM 1011. Corequisite: CHEM 1021 Topics include hydrocarbons, organic functional groups, isomerism, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins, enzymes, and metabolism. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory. Will not count toward a major or minor in Chemistry.

CHEM 1021 - Intro to General Chemistry II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 1020.

CHEM 1030 - Chemistry for Consumers
4 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 1031. Language, development, structure, and role of chemistry as it relates to the knowledge and activities of the educated person. Examples will be taken from medicine and human health, environmental pollution, energy and its costs, etc. Understanding of the relationship between chemistry and society will be enhanced using special subtopics: lectures, demonstrations, and inquiry-based laboratory work drawing from the expertise of the individual instructor. For nonscience majors. Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory. (Does not count toward any major or minor.)

CHEM 1031 - Chemistry for Consumers Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 1030.

CHEM 1110 - General Chemistry I
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: High school chemistry. Corequisite: CHEM 1111. Fundamental concepts of atomic structure, molecular structure and bonding, chemical reactions, stoichiometric relationships, periodic properties of the elements, thermochemistry, and properties of gases. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 1111 - General Chemistry I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 1110.

CHEM 1120 - General Chemistry II
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 1110/CHEM 1111. Corequisite: CHEM 1121. Chemical equilibrium, solid and liquid states of matter, chemistry of acids and bases, principles of chemical kinetics, precipitation reactions, elementary thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 1121 - General Chemistry II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 1120.

CHEM 2030 - Elements of Organic Chemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 1020/CHEM 1021 or CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121. Corequisite: CHEM 2031. Aspects of organic chemistry fundamental to an understanding of reactions in living organisms. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 2031 - Elements of Organic Chemistry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 2030.

CHEM 2230 - Quantitative Analysis
5 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121. Corequisite: CHEM 2231. Gravimetric and volumetric determinations, an introduction to optical and electrical methods of analysis, and the stoichiometry of analytical chemistry. Three hours lecture and two three-hour laboratories.

CHEM 2231 - Quantitative Analysis Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 2230.

CHEM 2880 - Undergraduate Research I
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Student research allied with the instructor's research or designed specifically for the particular student. Minimum of three clock-hours work per week required for each credit hour. Up to four hours may count in the General Science major, but does not count for a major or minor in Chemistry. May be repeated for a total of four credits.

CHEM 2930 - Cooperative Education
3 credit hours
Provides students with opportunities for on-the-job training in conjunction with on-campus academic experiences. Department chair should be consulted. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 2940 - Cooperative Education
3 credit hours
Provides students with opportunities for on-the-job training in conjunction with on-campus academic experiences. Department chair should be consulted. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 3000 - Careers in Chemistry and Biochemistry
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2030 or CHEM 3010. Communicating science, taking standardized tests, applying for graduate/professional school or a job, using library and online resources, and other professional skills. Capstone course. One-hour lecture. Offered each spring.

CHEM 3010 - Organic Chemistry I
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121 or equivalent. Corequisite: CHEM 3011. Types of carbon compounds, their nomenclature, reactions, and physical properties. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 3011 - Organic Chemistry I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 3010.

CHEM 3020 - Organic Chemistry II
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3010. Corequisite: CHEM 3021. A continuation of CHEM 3010. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 3020 - Organic Chemistry II
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3010. Corequisite: CHEM 3021. A continuation of CHEM 3010. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 3021 - Organic Chemistry II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 3020.

CHEM 3021 - Organic Chemistry II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 3020.

CHEM 3080 - Liquid Chromatography Techniques
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230 / CHEM 2231 or consent of instructor. Techniques involving the use of liquid, column, paper, thin-layer, and ion-exchange chromatography for the purpose of purifying and/or separating compounds.

CHEM 3080 - Liquid Chromatography Techniques
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230 / CHEM 2231 or consent of instructor. Techniques involving the use of liquid, column, paper, thin-layer, and ion-exchange chromatography for the purpose of purifying and/or separating compounds.

CHEM 3090 - Techniques of Gas Chromatography
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230/ CHEM 2231 or consent of instructor. Principles, techniques, and applications of gas chromatography. Selection of column materials, packing of columns, and types of detectors. Separation of mixtures of hydrocarbons, drugs, and pesticides.

CHEM 3090 - Techniques of Gas Chromatography
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230/ CHEM 2231 or consent of instructor. Principles, techniques, and applications of gas chromatography. Selection of column materials, packing of columns, and types of detectors. Separation of mixtures of hydrocarbons, drugs, and pesticides.

CHEM 3530 - Principles of Biochemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Corequisite: CHEM 3531. Structure, properties, and functions of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids and their reactions in living organisms. Three-hour lecture and one three-hour lab. Does not count toward Biochemistry major.

CHEM 3530 - Principles of Biochemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011. Corequisite: CHEM 3531. Structure, properties, and functions of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids and their reactions in living organisms. Three-hour lecture and one three-hour lab. Does not count toward Biochemistry major.

CHEM 3531 - Principles of Biochemistry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 3530. Lab to accompany CHEM 3530. One three-hour laboratory per week.

CHEM 3531 - Principles of Biochemistry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 3530. Lab to accompany CHEM 3530. One three-hour laboratory per week.

CHEM 3880 - Undergraduate Research II
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Student research allied with the instructor's research or designed specifically for the particular student. Minimum of three clock-hours work per week required for each credit hour. Summary report or some other form of presentation required. A total of no more than four hours of research credits may be counted toward a major in chemistry. May be repeated for a total of four credits.

CHEM 3880 - Undergraduate Research II
1 to 4 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Student research allied with the instructor's research or designed specifically for the particular student. Minimum of three clock-hours work per week required for each credit hour. Summary report or some other form of presentation required. A total of no more than four hours of research credits may be counted toward a major in chemistry. May be repeated for a total of four credits.

CHEM 3890 - Chemistry Instruction Internship
1 to 3 credit hours
Prerequisites: Successful completion of target courses and permission of instructor. A course to refine thinking, communication, and interpersonal skills through exposure to on-the-spot technical questions and a laboratory teaching experience as an assistant in an introductory chemistry laboratory. Course credits will count toward a major in General Science and one hour will count toward a major in Chemistry. May be repeated for a total of three credits.

CHEM 3890 - Chemistry Instruction Internship
1 to 3 credit hours
Prerequisites: Successful completion of target courses and permission of instructor. A course to refine thinking, communication, and interpersonal skills through exposure to on-the-spot technical questions and a laboratory teaching experience as an assistant in an introductory chemistry laboratory. Course credits will count toward a major in General Science and one hour will count toward a major in Chemistry. May be repeated for a total of three credits.

CHEM 3970 - Cooperative Education
3 credit hours
Provides students with opportunities for on-the-job training in conjunction with on-campus academic experiences. Department chair should be consulted. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 3970 - Cooperative Education
3 credit hours
Provides students with opportunities for on-the-job training in conjunction with on-campus academic experiences. Department chair should be consulted. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 3980 - Cooperative Education
3 credit hours
Provides students with opportunities for on-the-job training in conjunction with on-campus academic experiences. Department chair should be consulted. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 3980 - Cooperative Education
3 credit hours
Provides students with opportunities for on-the-job training in conjunction with on-campus academic experiences. Department chair should be consulted. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 4000 - Medicinal Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011 and CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021 or CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 with permission of instructor. Drug design and development including structural changes involved in making drug analogs. Drug interaction with macromolecular targets including receptors, enzymes, and DNA. Various classes of drugs and their mechanisms for the treatment of specific therapeutic areas.

CHEM 4000 - Medicinal Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011 and CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021 or CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 with permission of instructor. Drug design and development including structural changes involved in making drug analogs. Drug interaction with macromolecular targets including receptors, enzymes, and DNA. Various classes of drugs and their mechanisms for the treatment of specific therapeutic areas.

CHEM 4100 - Organic Spectroscopy
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021. Theory of and practice in the interpretation of mass, infrared, Raman, ultraviolet-visible, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4100 - Organic Spectroscopy
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021. Theory of and practice in the interpretation of mass, infrared, Raman, ultraviolet-visible, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4150 - Bioorganic Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010/ CHEM 3011 and CHEM 3020/ CHEM 3021 or CHEM 2030/ CHEM 2031 with permission of the instructor. Focuses on the structure and function of bioorganic molecules (i.e., peptides, proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and peptidomimetics), similarities between enzymatic reactions and bench-top organic reactions, and the techniques and instrumentation used to study bioorganic molecules.

CHEM 4150 - Bioorganic Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010/ CHEM 3011 and CHEM 3020/ CHEM 3021 or CHEM 2030/ CHEM 2031 with permission of the instructor. Focuses on the structure and function of bioorganic molecules (i.e., peptides, proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and peptidomimetics), similarities between enzymatic reactions and bench-top organic reactions, and the techniques and instrumentation used to study bioorganic molecules.

CHEM 4190 - Mass Spectrometry
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230/CHEM 2231, CHEM 4550/CHEM 4551, or consent of instructor. Mass spectrographic analysis emphasizing the use of the instrument in obtaining mass spectral data. Technique of obtaining spectra using gas chromatographic effluents as well as normal sampling procedures. Routine maintenance and an introduction to the interpretation of simple spectra.

CHEM 4190 - Mass Spectrometry
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230/CHEM 2231, CHEM 4550/CHEM 4551, or consent of instructor. Mass spectrographic analysis emphasizing the use of the instrument in obtaining mass spectral data. Technique of obtaining spectra using gas chromatographic effluents as well as normal sampling procedures. Routine maintenance and an introduction to the interpretation of simple spectra.

CHEM 4230 - Instrumental Analysis
4 credit hours
(Same as FSCH 4230.) Prerequisite: CHEM 2230/CHEM 2231, or CHEM 4550/CHEM 4551. Corequisite: CHEM 4231. Potentiometric titration, polarographic, coulometric, gas chromatographic, ultraviolet, visible and infrared absorption, and atomic absorption techniques of analysis. Requirements and limitations of each technique for obtaining quantitative measurements; applications to various chemical systems from both theoretical and experimental standpoints. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4230 - Instrumental Analysis
4 credit hours
(Same as FSCH 4230.) Prerequisite: CHEM 2230/CHEM 2231, or CHEM 4550/CHEM 4551. Corequisite: CHEM 4231. Potentiometric titration, polarographic, coulometric, gas chromatographic, ultraviolet, visible and infrared absorption, and atomic absorption techniques of analysis. Requirements and limitations of each technique for obtaining quantitative measurements; applications to various chemical systems from both theoretical and experimental standpoints. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4231 - Instrumental Analysis Lab
0 credit hours
(Same as FSCH 4231.) Corequisite: CHEM 4230.

CHEM 4231 - Instrumental Analysis Lab
0 credit hours
(Same as FSCH 4231.) Corequisite: CHEM 4230.

CHEM 4280 - Atomic Absorption Analysis Techniques
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230 / CHEM 2231 or consent of instructor. Laboratory study of atomic absorption spectrophotometry emphasizing the use of the instrument in making analytical measurements. Research instrumentation, flame, and non-flame techniques.

CHEM 4280 - Atomic Absorption Analysis Techniques
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 2230 / CHEM 2231 or consent of instructor. Laboratory study of atomic absorption spectrophotometry emphasizing the use of the instrument in making analytical measurements. Research instrumentation, flame, and non-flame techniques.

CHEM 4330 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals I
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: PHYS 2020/PHYS 2021; MATH 1910. Corequisite: CHEM 4331. Basic study of physical chemistry including modern theories of atomic and molecular structure, chemical thermodynamics, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and related theoretical topics. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4330 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals I
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: PHYS 2020/PHYS 2021; MATH 1910. Corequisite: CHEM 4331. Basic study of physical chemistry including modern theories of atomic and molecular structure, chemical thermodynamics, electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, and related theoretical topics. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4331 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4330.

CHEM 4331 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4330.

CHEM 4340 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals II
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331. A continuation of CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331. Corequisite: CHEM 4341. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4340 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals II
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331. A continuation of CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331. Corequisite: CHEM 4341. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4341 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4340.

CHEM 4341 - Physical Chemistry Fundamentals II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4340.

CHEM 4350 - Physical Chemistry I
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 2230/CHEM 2231; MATH 1920; PHYS 2020/PHYS 2021 or PHYS 2120/PHYS 2121. Corequisite: CHEM 4351. Quantitative principles of chemistry involving extensive use of calculus. Thermodynamics, phase changes, chemical equilibria, electrochemistry, reaction kinetics, quantum chemistry, molecule structure, and statistical mechanics. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4350 - Physical Chemistry I
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 2230/CHEM 2231; MATH 1920; PHYS 2020/PHYS 2021 or PHYS 2120/PHYS 2121. Corequisite: CHEM 4351. Quantitative principles of chemistry involving extensive use of calculus. Thermodynamics, phase changes, chemical equilibria, electrochemistry, reaction kinetics, quantum chemistry, molecule structure, and statistical mechanics. Three hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory.

CHEM 4351 - Physical Chemistry I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4350.

CHEM 4351 - Physical Chemistry I Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4350.

CHEM 4360 - In-depth Physical Chemistry
5 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331; MATH 1920. Corequisite: CHEM 4361. A molecular approach to traditional physical chemistry. Concepts and theorems of classical thermodynamics revisited on the basis of quantum and statistical mechanics applied to simple molecular models. Necessary mathematical apparatus discussed in sufficient detail, but only at applied level. Laboratory session provides hands-on experience with quantum-chemistry computational software to predict thermochemical and spectroscopic properties of molecules. Three hours lecture and two three-hour laboratories. Offered every spring.

CHEM 4360 - In-depth Physical Chemistry
5 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331; MATH 1920. Corequisite: CHEM 4361. A molecular approach to traditional physical chemistry. Concepts and theorems of classical thermodynamics revisited on the basis of quantum and statistical mechanics applied to simple molecular models. Necessary mathematical apparatus discussed in sufficient detail, but only at applied level. Laboratory session provides hands-on experience with quantum-chemistry computational software to predict thermochemical and spectroscopic properties of molecules. Three hours lecture and two three-hour laboratories. Offered every spring.

CHEM 4361 - Physical Chemistry II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4360.

CHEM 4361 - Physical Chemistry II Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4360.

CHEM 4380 - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Experimental Methods
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021 or CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031. NMR measurements, operation of the spectrometer, and evaluation of the quality of spectra produced.

CHEM 4380 - Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Experimental Methods
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021 or CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031. NMR measurements, operation of the spectrometer, and evaluation of the quality of spectra produced.

CHEM 4400 - Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry Aq: Aqueous and Bio-
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 1120 or equivalent; CHEM 2030 or CHEM 3010 recommended. The basic concepts and theories of inorganic chemistry and how these are used to predict and understand the physical and chemical properties of compounds of the elements other than carbon. Inorganic compounds in the air, water, earth, and in the laboratory and in biochemistry, geochemistry, and industrial materials and processes.

CHEM 4400 - Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry Aq: Aqueous and Bio-
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 1120 or equivalent; CHEM 2030 or CHEM 3010 recommended. The basic concepts and theories of inorganic chemistry and how these are used to predict and understand the physical and chemical properties of compounds of the elements other than carbon. Inorganic compounds in the air, water, earth, and in the laboratory and in biochemistry, geochemistry, and industrial materials and processes.

CHEM 4410 - Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry B: Structure, Bondin
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010 and CHEM 4400; corequisite: CHEM 4360/CHEM 4361 recommended. Atomic theory for chemical periodicity; symmetry and group theory; molecular orbital theory; coordination, organometallic, and bioinorganic chemistry of the transition metals.

CHEM 4410 - Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry B: Structure, Bondin
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010 and CHEM 4400; corequisite: CHEM 4360/CHEM 4361 recommended. Atomic theory for chemical periodicity; symmetry and group theory; molecular orbital theory; coordination, organometallic, and bioinorganic chemistry of the transition metals.

CHEM 4430 - Advanced Synthetic Laboratory Techniques
2 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021. Corequisite: CHEM 4431. Techniques for synthesis and purification or organic, organometallic, and inorganic compounds. Practice in the measurement of NMR and IR spectra. Skills in library use for research. Four hours laboratory and one-hour lecture.

CHEM 4430 - Advanced Synthetic Laboratory Techniques
2 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021. Corequisite: CHEM 4431. Techniques for synthesis and purification or organic, organometallic, and inorganic compounds. Practice in the measurement of NMR and IR spectra. Skills in library use for research. Four hours laboratory and one-hour lecture.

CHEM 4431 - Advanced Synthetic Laboratory Techniques Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4430.

CHEM 4431 - Advanced Synthetic Laboratory Techniques Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4430.

CHEM 4450 - In-Depth Inorganic Chemistry Aq: Aqueous and Bio-inorga
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 2230, CHEM 3010, and CHEM 4410. In-depth study of concepts and theories of inorganic chemistry and how these are used to predict and understand the physical and chemical properties of compounds of the elements. Inorganic compounds in the air, water, earth, and in the laboratory and in biochemistry, geochemistry, and industrial materials and processes. Not open to students who have taken or are taking CHEM 4400. Offered alternate spring semesters.

CHEM 4450 - In-Depth Inorganic Chemistry Aq: Aqueous and Bio-inorga
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 2230, CHEM 3010, and CHEM 4410. In-depth study of concepts and theories of inorganic chemistry and how these are used to predict and understand the physical and chemical properties of compounds of the elements. Inorganic compounds in the air, water, earth, and in the laboratory and in biochemistry, geochemistry, and industrial materials and processes. Not open to students who have taken or are taking CHEM 4400. Offered alternate spring semesters.

CHEM 4460 - In-Depth Inorganic Chemistry B: Structure, Bonding, Met
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010 and CHEM 4400 required; CHEM 3020 recommended; co-registration in CHEM 4360/CHEM 4361 recommended. In-depth study of atomic theory for chemical periodicy; symmetry and group theory; molecular orbital theory; chemistry of metals, nonmetals, and organometallic compounds. Not open to students who have taken or are taking CHEM 4410. Offered alternate spring semesters.

CHEM 4460 - In-Depth Inorganic Chemistry B: Structure, Bonding, Met
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 3010 and CHEM 4400 required; CHEM 3020 recommended; co-registration in CHEM 4360/CHEM 4361 recommended. In-depth study of atomic theory for chemical periodicy; symmetry and group theory; molecular orbital theory; chemistry of metals, nonmetals, and organometallic compounds. Not open to students who have taken or are taking CHEM 4410. Offered alternate spring semesters.

CHEM 4500 - Biochemistry I
3 credit hours
Prerequisite/corequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021; not open to those who have had CHEM 3530/CHEM 3531. Chemical properties of biological molecules such as amino acids, proteins, enzymes, and carbohydrates. Chemical basis of enzyme catalysis and reactions of carbohydrate metabolism. Three hours lecture per week.

CHEM 4500 - Biochemistry I
3 credit hours
Prerequisite/corequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021; not open to those who have had CHEM 3530/CHEM 3531. Chemical properties of biological molecules such as amino acids, proteins, enzymes, and carbohydrates. Chemical basis of enzyme catalysis and reactions of carbohydrate metabolism. Three hours lecture per week.

CHEM 4510 - Biochemistry II
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4500. Structure and metabolism of lipids, amino acids, nucleotides, and nucleic acids at the molecular level. Emphasis on chemistry of metabolic reactions. Three hours lecture per week.

CHEM 4510 - Biochemistry II
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4500. Structure and metabolism of lipids, amino acids, nucleotides, and nucleic acids at the molecular level. Emphasis on chemistry of metabolic reactions. Three hours lecture per week.

CHEM 4520 - Topics in Biochemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3530 or  CHEM 4500 or permission of instructor. Lectures, readings, and discussions of topics of current interest in biochemistry. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4520 - Topics in Biochemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3530 or  CHEM 4500 or permission of instructor. Lectures, readings, and discussions of topics of current interest in biochemistry. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4530 - Biochemical Techniques
2 credit hours
Prerequisite/corequisite: CHEM 4500 or consent of instructor. Laboratory in biochemical techniques with emphasis on protein purification, enzyme kinetics, carbohydrate and lipid analysis, and manipulation of DNA. Six hours of laboratory per week.

CHEM 4530 - Biochemical Techniques
2 credit hours
Prerequisite/corequisite: CHEM 4500 or consent of instructor. Laboratory in biochemical techniques with emphasis on protein purification, enzyme kinetics, carbohydrate and lipid analysis, and manipulation of DNA. Six hours of laboratory per week.

CHEM 4550 - Bioanalytical Chemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 2030 /CHEM 2031  or CHEM 3020/ CHEM 3021; corequisite:CHEM 4551 . Survey of basic quantitative, qualitative, and purification methods with specific emphasis on molecules of interest to biochemistry. Three hours lecture and one three-hour lab per week.

CHEM 4550 - Bioanalytical Chemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 2030 /CHEM 2031  or CHEM 3020/ CHEM 3021; corequisite:CHEM 4551 . Survey of basic quantitative, qualitative, and purification methods with specific emphasis on molecules of interest to biochemistry. Three hours lecture and one three-hour lab per week.

CHEM 4551 - Bioanalytical Chemistry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4550. Laboratory to accompany CHEM 4550. One three-hour laboratory per week.

CHEM 4551 - Bioanalytical Chemistry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4550. Laboratory to accompany CHEM 4550. One three-hour laboratory per week.

CHEM 4580 - Medical Technology Clinical Practicum
6 credit hours
Intensive classroom and laboratory studies covering principles and techniques in the areas of clinical chemistry, microbiology, immunohematology, bloodbanking, and related areas. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 4580 - Medical Technology Clinical Practicum
6 credit hours
Intensive classroom and laboratory studies covering principles and techniques in the areas of clinical chemistry, microbiology, immunohematology, bloodbanking, and related areas. Pass/Fail.

CHEM 4600 - Introduction to Environmental Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121 and 8 hours of BIOL and/or CHEM beyond the freshman level. Introduces major environmental issues including climate change, water quality, air pollution, landfills, hazardous wastes, fossil fuels, and alternative energy. The quality of environment and the changes in the environment due to contamination explored. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4600 - Introduction to Environmental Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121 and 8 hours of BIOL and/or CHEM beyond the freshman level. Introduces major environmental issues including climate change, water quality, air pollution, landfills, hazardous wastes, fossil fuels, and alternative energy. The quality of environment and the changes in the environment due to contamination explored. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4610 - Environmental Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites:  CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121, CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011 and junior or senior standing. Fundamental chemical principles applied to the fate and behavior of environmental contaminants in soil-water environments. Important toxins explored and their movement and occurrence in ecosystems explained based on chemical and physical parameters. Topics will include pesticides, dioxin, mercury, and bioaccumulation. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4610 - Environmental Chemistry
3 credit hours
Prerequisites:  CHEM 1120/CHEM 1121, CHEM 2030/CHEM 2031 or CHEM 3010/CHEM 3011 and junior or senior standing. Fundamental chemical principles applied to the fate and behavior of environmental contaminants in soil-water environments. Important toxins explored and their movement and occurrence in ecosystems explained based on chemical and physical parameters. Topics will include pesticides, dioxin, mercury, and bioaccumulation. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4700 - Polymers, an Introduction
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021; physical chemistry strongly recommended. Chemistry of polymers; their structure, properties, and applications. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4700 - Polymers, an Introduction
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021; physical chemistry strongly recommended. Chemistry of polymers; their structure, properties, and applications. Three hours lecture.

CHEM 4730 - Advanced Physical Chemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4360/4361 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: CHEM 4731. Modern chemical concepts as applied to the areas of thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and chemical kinetics. Three hours lecture and one three-hour calculation laboratory.

CHEM 4730 - Advanced Physical Chemistry
4 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 4360/4361 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: CHEM 4731. Modern chemical concepts as applied to the areas of thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and chemical kinetics. Three hours lecture and one three-hour calculation laboratory.

CHEM 4731 - Advanced Physical Chemistry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4730

CHEM 4731 - Advanced Physical Chemistry Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: CHEM 4730

CHEM 4740 - Research Methods
3 credit hours
(Same as BIOL/PHYS/MATH 4740.) Prerequisite: YOED 3520. Provides secondary science and mathematics teacher candidates with the tools that scientists use to solve scientific problems. Students will use these tools in a laboratory setting, communicate findings, and understand how scientists develop new knowledge.

CHEM 4740 - Research Methods
3 credit hours
(Same as BIOL/PHYS/MATH 4740.) Prerequisite: YOED 3520. Provides secondary science and mathematics teacher candidates with the tools that scientists use to solve scientific problems. Students will use these tools in a laboratory setting, communicate findings, and understand how scientists develop new knowledge.

CHEM 4780 - Polymer and Materials Chemistry Laboratory
2 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021; corequisites: CHEM 4700; CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331 strongly recommended.  Laboratory introduction to synthesis, kinetics, characterization, engineering, and applications of polymers and other modern materials.

CHEM 4780 - Polymer and Materials Chemistry Laboratory
2 credit hours
Prerequisite: CHEM 3020/CHEM 3021; corequisites: CHEM 4700; CHEM 4330/CHEM 4331 strongly recommended.  Laboratory introduction to synthesis, kinetics, characterization, engineering, and applications of polymers and other modern materials.

CHEM 4880 - Research
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: 24 hours of ACS-approved chemistry courses. Student research allied with the instructor's research or designed specifically for the particular student. Minimum of twelve (12) hours a week. Student must write a formal report which is approved by the instructor to receive credit for this course.

CHEM 4880 - Research
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: 24 hours of ACS-approved chemistry courses. Student research allied with the instructor's research or designed specifically for the particular student. Minimum of twelve (12) hours a week. Student must write a formal report which is approved by the instructor to receive credit for this course.