Best Predictors of Reading and Spelling Problems (from research)

Group Predictors / Risk Factors

  1. Family History of Reading Problems
  2. Early Language Development Delays

Potential Individual Predictors

  1. Print Awareness
  2. Letter Knowledge (name and sound)
  3. Expressive Vocabulary
  4. Sentence/Story Recall
  5. Phonological and Phonemic Awareness
  6. Rapid Automatic Naming