• Health Education
    MTSU is a tobacco-free campus
  • Health Education
    Wellness needs to be part of everyday living
  • Health Education
    The program introduces the public to different aspects of health
  • OU Campus
    "Beer goggles" allow students to experience the effects of alcohol

Health Education

Everyone wants to be healthy—don’t they? Even so, there are many interesting reasons why people engage in unhealthy behaviors. Graduates of Health Education can help people change health-compromising behaviors such as drug misuse and abuse, tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity and can help people stick to medical treatment. Health professionals help individuals learn how to plan, implement, and evaluate programs that lead to healthier lives. Health Education majors choose to study Community and Public Health or Health Education and Lifetime Wellness.

Meri-Leigh Smith, alumna of MTSU's Health Education Program

Getting off to a healthy start

Meri-Leigh Smith, an alumna of MTSU’s Health Education Program, discovered her passion for health while playing high school and college softball. After previously serving as health educator for the Rutherford County Health Department, Smith now is hitting it out of the park as supervisor of Coordinated School Health in Murfreesboro City Schools. In this role, Smith “creates and implements programs, such as the BAM! (Body and Mind) program, that teach lifetime nutrition and fitness skills. Programs such as this work with children in an after-school setting so that they can learn to make lifestyle choices that will lead to better health.” Smith says MTSU Health and Human Performance faculty and staff “gave me the tools and confidence I needed to make a difference in my community.”

Rachel Wright, alumna of MTSU's Health Education Program

Leading a Healthy Lifestyle

It’s an everyday goal of MTSU alumna Rachel Wright to help people of all ages choose healthy lifestyles. Wright’s take-charge spirit led her to roles as a Raider Health Corps member and team leader as an MTSU undergraduate student, graduate teaching assistant in Health and Human Performance, and health educator with the Tennessee Coordinated School Health Program. After graduation she became a full-time lifestyle coach with APS Healthcare and now is a health coach with Healthways. “Through my MTSU health education/health promotion programs; the internship with Lisa Schrader, director of Health Promotion; and the teaching experiences in graduate school, I was able to gain a more in-depth, hands-on experience with interaction in the classroom and one-on-one teaching and training with students,” Wright says.

There are many interesting and exciting job opportunities working in elementary and high schools, health care, businesses and industries, and colleges and universities. Graduates also can find employment on the federal, state, county, or local government levels. Examples of professions graduates might pursue include

  • Health education specialist
  • Health promotion specialist
  • Lifestyle coach
  • Policy advisor
  • Program analyst
  • Program evaluator
  • Program planner
  • Project coordinator
  • Teacher
  • Wellness coordinator


Employers of MTSU alumni include, but are not limited to

  • American Diabetes Association
  • BlueCross BlueShield
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Foundation for Wellness Professions
  • Golden Living Center (nursing home and assisted living)
  • Gordian Health Management Group
  • Healthways Inc.
  • Human Resources/Health Benefits Departments
  • Kandy Kastle 2nd Generation Daycare
  • Middle Tennessee Medical Center
  • National Institutes of Health
  • Onlife Health
  • RMS Spectrum Services
  • Rutherford County Department of Health
  • Southeast Michigan Beacon Community
  • Sports 4 All Foundation
  • Tennessee Cancer Coalition
  • Tennessee Department of Health
  • Unique Medical, Inc.
  • Vanderbilt General Pediatrics
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center
  • Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
  • York VA Medical Center

 

Internship Links 


Career Links


International Health


National Health


State and Regional Health

Denise Bates
Associate Professor
denise.bates@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-898-2893
Office | Room 129, Murphy Center (MC)
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
Ph.D., Texas Womans University, TX (2003)
M.S., Texas Womans University, TX (1996)
B.S., LSU Health Science Center -Shreveport, LA (1989)
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Dr. Martha Jo Edwards
Director of Center & Human Services & Holder of the Adams Chair of Excellence
martha.edwards@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-898-2905
Office | Room 119, Ezell Hall (EZEL)
Mail | MTSU Box 99, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Specialties
Global health
Health workforce development
Public health

Degree Information
Ed.D., University of Florida, Gainesville 
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Casie Higginbotham
Lecturer
casie.higginbotham@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8274
Office | Room 300, Alumni Memorial Gym (AMG)
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
M.S., Middle Tennessee State University (2006)
B.S., Middle Tennessee State University (1998)
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Shannon Josey
Lecturer
shannon.josey@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8137
Office | Room 308, Alumni Memorial Gym (AMG)
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Specialties
Behavioral change theory
High risk behaviors intervention
High risk behavior (tobacco use, sexually transmitted infections)

Degree Information
M.S., Middle Tennessee State University (2000)
B.S., Middle Tennessee State University (1997)
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Dr. Sandy Neal
Professor
sandy.neal@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-898-2567
Office | Room 208, Alumni Memorial Gym (AMG)
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Specialties
Women's Health
First Aid
Health and Wellness
School Health
Community and Public Health

Degree Information
Ed.D., University of Tennessee, Knoxville (1992)
M.E.D., Middle Tennessee State University (1977)
B.S., Middle Tennessee State University (1976)
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Dr. Andrew Owusu
Associate Professor | Program Coordinator
andrew.owusu@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-898-5878
Office | Room 111, Murphy Center (MC)
Mail | MTSU Box 545, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Specialties
Global School-Based Student Health Survey [Country Coordinator (Ghana)]
Adolescent Health Risk Behavior
Sexual Health Behaviors of Adolescents and Adults
Childhood Lead Poisoning
Technology and Health Education
Classroom Response Systems

Degree Information
Ph.D., Middle Tennessee State University (2004)
M.S., Wayne State College, NE (1998)
B.S., University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (1996)
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Dr. Norman L. Weatherby
Professor | Health Graduate Program Coordinator
norman.weatherby@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-898-5241
Office | Room 124, Murphy Center (MC)
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Specialties
Health Program Planning, Needs Assessment and Evaluation 
Maternal and Child Health, including Childhood Lead Poisoning 
Prevention of Infectious Diseases 
Tobacco Use Prevention 
Demography 
Research Methods 
Applied Statistics

Degree Information
Ph.D., Florida State University (1983)
M.A., University of North Texas (1978)
B.A., University of North Texas (1974)
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Dr. Doug Winborn
Associate Professor
john.winborn@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-898-5110
Office | Room 217, Alumni Memorial Gym (AMG)
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
Ed.D., Tennessee State University (1992)
M.S., Southern Connecticut State University (1988)
B.S., Southern Connecticut State University (1976)
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Undergraduate

The major in Health Education provides basic experiences for those interested in preparing for many health and health-related professions. Students majoring in Health Education can choose between two concentrations: Community and Public Health or Lifetime Wellness. Both lead to a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree.

The Community and Public Health concentration, approved by SABPAC (SOPHE/AAHE Baccalaureate Program Approval Committee, is designed to teach health educators about community and public health strategies so that they may influence changes in public health practice for people, organizations, and/or communities.

The Lifetime Wellness concentration offers preparation for lifetime wellness instructors for grades 9–12.Students majoring in Health Education with the concentration in Lifetime Wellness will be required to have a minor in Secondary Education as part of their teacher licensure.

Undergraduate minors available through the Health and Human Performance Department are Health, Health and Physical Education, Health and Human Performance, Recreation, Athletic Coaching and Officiating, Driver and Traffic Safety Education, and Communication Disorders.

Graduate

Graduate programs in the department leading to M.S. degrees are majors in Exercise Science; Health and Human Performance, which has two concentrations: Health and Physical Education; and Leisure and Sport Management, which also has two concentrations: Recreation and Leisure Services and Sport Industry.

Other Degree Programs Offered by HHP

Other undergraduate majors offered by the Health and Human Performance Department that lead to a B.S. include Athletic Training; Exercise Science; Leisure, Sport, and Tourism Studies; and Physical Education. Both a B.S. and Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree are available through the Communication Disorders concentration under the Speech and Theatre major.

The Health and Human Performance Department also offers a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in Human Performance with specializations in exercise science, health, kinesmetrics, leisure studies, and physical education.

Community and Public Health Health Education and Lifetime Wellness

An academic map is a suggested four-year schedule of courses based on degree requirements in the undergraduate catalog. This sample schedule serves as a general guideline to help build a full schedule each term. Milestones, courses, and special requirements necessary for timely progress to complete a major are designated to keep you on track to graduate in four years. Missing milestones could delay your program. 

This map based on the 2013-2014 undergraduate catalog is not a substitute for academic advisement - contact your advisor if you have any questions about scheduling or about your degree requirements. Also see the current undergraduate catalog (catalog.mtsu.edu) for a complete list of requirements and electives.Note: Requirements are continually under revision, and there is no guarantee they will not be changed or revoked; contact the department and/or program area for current information. 

You may choose to attend a summer term to reduce your load during fall or spring terms but still stay on track to graduate in four years (see below). NOTE: Learning Support courses will alter the sequences on this map.

Health Education–Community and Public Health Academic Map

Department of Health and Human Performance
Middle Tennessee State University | Murfreesboro


Suggested Fall/Spring and Summer/Fall/Spring Four-Year Schedule

Refer to the scholarships website for information regarding use of the Lottery Scholarship for the summer term.

Click here for printer friendly academic map.

FRESHMAN FALL FRESHMAN SPRING
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
Soc/Beh Sci3HLTH 1530/1531 rec. HLTH 33203 
PHED activity course1  COMM 2200 (Comm)3 
ENGL 1010 ( Comm)3  ENGL 1020 (Comm)3
HumFA (Rubric 1)3  Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 1)3 
HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303  Nat Sci (Rubric 1)4(BIOL 1110/1111 rec.)
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL16 
SOPHOMORE FALL SOPHOMORE SPRING
NFS 12403  Hum/FA (Rubric 2)3 
HLTH 33403  HLTH 33003 
HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303  Nat Sci (Rubric 2)4Except BIOL prefix
ENGL 2020, ENGL 2030, or HUM 2610 (Hum/FA)3  MATH (Math)3 
BIOL 2030/20313  Elective (HLTH 3000 rec.)3 
PHED activity course1     
SUBTOTAL16  SUBTOTAL16 
JUNIOR FALL JUNIOR SPRING
HLTH 30203  HLTH 42703 
HLTH 32503  HLTH 43603 
HLTH 43403  HLTH 4600/46013 
HLTH 44003  HLTH 48603 
Minor course3  Minor course3 
SUBTOTAL15  SUBTOTAL15 
SENIOR FALL SENIOR SPRING
HLTH 44603  HLTH 42509 
HLTH 48103  HLTH 49001 
HLTH 48703  Minor course3 
Minor course3     
Minor course3  NOTE: A maximum of 4 additional hours is allowed when enrolled in HLTH 4250. The 4 hours include HLTH 4900 (1 hr.) and one other 3 hour course (preferably an online course).
Elective1  
SUBTOTAL16  SUBTOTAL13 

TOTAL HOURS IN PROGRAM: 120

FRESHMAN FALL FRESHMAN SPRING
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
ENGL 1010 (Comm)3  HLTH 33203 
COMM 2200 (Comm)3  ENGL 1020 (Comm)3 
Hum/FA (Rubric 1)3  Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 1)3
Soc/Beh Sci3HLTH 1530/1531 rec. Nat Sci (Rubric 1)4 
    PHED activity course1 
SUBTOTAL12  SUBTOTAL14 
SOPHOMORE SUMMER
ENGL 2020, ENGL 2030, or HUM 2610(Hum/FA)3  HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
SUBTOTAL3  SUBTOTAL3 
SOPHOMORE FALL SOPHOMORE SPRING
NFS 12403  Hum/FA (Rubric 2)3 
HLTH 33403  HLTH 33003 
BIOL 2030/20313  Nat Sci (Rubric 2)4 
HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303  MATH (Math)3 
PHED activity1  Elective (HLTH 3000 rec.)3 
       
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL16 
JUNIOR SUMMER
HLTH 30203  HLTH 42703 
SUBTOTAL3  SUBTOTAL3 
JUNIOR FALL JUNIOR SPRING
HLTH 32503  HLTH 43603 
HLTH 43403  HLTH 48603 
HLTH 44003  HLTH 4660/46613 
Minor course3  Minor course3 
SUBTOTAL12  SUBTOTAL12 
SENIOR FALL SENIOR SPRING
HLTH 44603  HLTH 42509 
HLTH 48103  HLTH 49001 
HLTH 48703  Minor course3 
Minor course3     
Minor course3  NOTE: A maximum of 4 additional hours is allowed when enrolled in HLTH 4250. The 4 hours include HLTH 4900 (1 hr.) and one other 3 hour course (preferably an online course).
Elective1  
SUBTOTAL16  SUBTOTAL13 

TOTAL HOURS IN PROGRAM: 120

Graduation information may be accessed here.



Health Education–Health Education and Lifetime Wellness Academic Map

Department of Health and Human Performance
Middle Tennessee State University | Murfreesboro


Suggested Fall/Spring and Summer/Fall/Spring Four-Year Schedule

Refer to the scholarships website for information regarding use of the Lottery Scholarship for the summer term.

Click here for printer friendly academic map.

FRESHMAN FALL FRESHMAN SPRING
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
ENGL 1010 (Comm)3  ENGL 1020 (Comm)3 
Nat Sci (Rubric 1)4BIOL 1030/1031 rec. Hum/FA (Rubric 2)3 
Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 1)3HLTH 1530/1531 rec. COMM 2200 (Comm)3
Hum/FA (Rubric 1)3  HLTH 3300 or PHED 33003Or approved First Aid/CPR competency
HIST 2010, HIST 2020, HIST 20303  PHED 12801 
    HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
SUBTOTAL16  SUBTOTAL16 
SOPHOMORE FALL SOPHOMORE SPRING
ENGL 2020, ENGL 2030, or HUM 2610 (Hum/FA)3  HLTH 33203 
Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 2)3  HLTH 43003 
Nat Sci (Rubric 2)4  HLTH 44003 
PHED 11901  BIOL 2030/20313Prereq: BIOL 1030/1031 or BIOL 1110/1111
MATH (Math)3  PHED 39003 
SUBTOTAL14  SUBTOTAL15Apply to Teacher
Education Program; see advisor.
JUNIOR FALL JUNIOR SPRING
PHED 12701  NFS 1240 3 
HLTH 42703  HLTH 42603 
PHED 37203  PHED 12901 
HLTH 43603  HLTH advised elective3See advisor
HLTH advised elective3See advisor YOED 30003Sec. Ed. Minor
YOED 25003Sed Ed. Minor YOED 33003Sec. Ed. Minor
SUBTOTAL16  SUBTOTAL16 
SENIOR FALL SENIOR SPRING
HLTH 48103  YOED 440012Professional semester–must complete to earn state teaching license
HLTH 43403    
PHED 39303    
YOED 40206Sec. Ed. Minor    
SUBTOTAL15  SUBTOTAL12 

TOTAL HOURS IN PROGRAM: 120

FRESHMAN FALL FRESHMAN SPRING
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
ENGL 1010 (Comm)3  ENGL 1020 (Comm)3 
Nat Sci (Rubric 1)4BIOL 1030/1031 rec. Hum/FA (Rubric 1)3 
Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 1)3HLTH 1530/1531 rec. PHED 12801
HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303  HLTH 3300 or PHED 33003Or approved First Aid/CPR competency
    HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL13 
FRESHMAN SUMMER
Hum/FA (Rubric 2)3  COMM 2200 (Comm)3 
SUBTOTAL3  SUBTOTAL3 
SOPHOMORE FALL SOPHOMORE SPRING
ENGL 2020, ENGL 2030, or HUM 2610 (Hum/FA)3  PHED 11901 
Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 2)3  HLTH 43003 
Nat Sci (Rubric 2)4  NFS 12403 
MATH (Math)3  BIOL 2030/20313Prereq: BIOL 1030/1031 or BIOL 1110/1111
    PHED 39003 
    HLTH 33203 
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL16Apply to Teacher
Education Program; see advisor.
JUNIOR FALL JUNIOR SPRING
PHED 12701  HLTH advised elective3See advisor
HLTH 42703  HLTH 42603 
PHED 37203  PHED 12901 
HLTH 43603  YOED 3000 3Sec. Ed. Minor
YOED 25003Sec. Ed. Minor YOED 33003Sec. Ed. Minor
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL13 
JUNIOR SUMMER
HLTH advised elective3See advisor HLTH 44003 
SUBTOTAL3  SUBTOTAL3 
SENIOR FALL SENIOR SPRING
HLTH 48103  YOED 440012Professional semester–must complete to earn state teaching license
HLTH 43403    
PHED 39303  
YOED 40206Sec. Ed. Minor    
SUBTOTAL15  SUBTOTAL12 

TOTAL HOURS IN PROGRAM: 120

Graduation information may be accessed here.

Health

HLTH 1530 - Health and Wellness
3 credit hours
Corequisite: HLTH 1531. Explores the role and importance of health and wellness in the lives of individuals and society in general. Laboratory venues will allow opportunities for assessment of lifestyles, decision-making, and research data on health and wellness. Lectures will provide concepts, information, and data involved in maintaining optimum health and wellness. Two lectures and one laboratory.

HLTH 1531 - Health and Wellness Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: HLTH 1530.

HLTH 2600 - Introduction to Health Professions
3 credit hours
Examines select health professions. Includes admission procedures, training, post-graduate training, licensure, practice options. Designed to assist students interested in a health career make a more informed choice early in their undergraduate preparation.

HLTH 3000 - Service Learning in Health Education
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: HLTH 1530/HLTH 1531 and HLTH 3320. Health and health care services and the principles, techniques, and context for service. Insight into service organizations, the basic methods and concepts of service learning, and the impact of actual service experiences. Offers background in the cultural, political, and social contexts of service experiences and serves as a forum for discussion of issues surrounding civic engagement and social responsibility. (An EXL course.)

HLTH 3020 - Terminology in Health and Human Performance
3 credit hours
Develops vocabulary skills and provides content important to the health and human performance field. Self-study using the Internet.

HLTH 3250 - Workshops and Instructional Methods in Health Education
3 credit hours
(Same as PHED 3250.) Preparation for conducting workshops in a variety of professional settings.

HLTH 3300 - First Aid and Safety Education
3 credit hours
(Same as PHED 3300.) Deals with first aid measures, accident prevention, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Addresses issues related to drug use/abuse and related acts of violence. Satisfactory completion of the course qualifies the student for Emergency Care and Safety Institute Standard First Aid and CPR certificates.

HLTH 3320 - Community and Public Health
3 credit hours
Basic preparation for health educators in community and public health programs with an emphasis on identifying and solving problems. Concentrates on the role of the health educator in needs assessment, effective communication, and the management of public health concerns.

HLTH 3340 - Foundations of Health Education
3 credit hours
Historical issues, philosophical foundations, ethical considerations, and theories of health behavior and learning which provides a foundation for the practice of health education.

HLTH 4080 - Alternative Therapy in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
(Same as ATHT 4080.) Examines the didactic and psychomotor concepts of various alternative and complementary therapies as they relate to the profession of athletic training.

HLTH 4250 - Internship
9 to 12 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department; must be taken after major classes. On-site practical experience in an exercise science/health promotion program. Note: Students may enroll in a maximum of an additional 4 credit hours while enrolled in HLTH 4250.

HLTH 4260 - Curriculum and Teaching Methods in Health Education
3 credit hours
Curriculum planning and teaching methods for prospective school, community, and public health personnel who aspire to teach health education.

HLTH 4270 - Bioethical Issues in Health Education
3 credit hours
An analysis of current bioethical issues, problems, needs, trends, and interests in health education.

HLTH 4280 - Instructor's Course in First Aid and CPR
2 credit hours
Prerequisite: HLTH 3300 or current Red Cross certification in multi-media first aid and CPR or standard first aid. Organization, planning, and teaching American Red Cross safety course. Red Cross instructor certification for successful completion.

HLTH 4300 - The School Health Program
3 credit hours
Offers preparation for leadership roles in school health services, instruction, and emergency situations, with special emphasis on evaluation.

HLTH 4340 - Fitness Education for the Adult
3 credit hours
(Same as PHED 4340/REC 4340.) Planning, teaching, and participating in individual and group fitness programs for the adult. Offers preparation for administering and interpreting assessments of related components with understanding of physiological principles related to exercise in the adult. Major lifetime wellness activities covered.

HLTH 4360 - Teaching Human Sexuality
3 credit hours
Assists individuals in developing, implementing, and evaluating human sexuality curricula and programs for schools (K-12) and other educational venues.

HLTH 4390 - Women's Health
3 credit hours
Applies and extends the knowledge base of health care for women and provides students with the knowledge to help them enhance their own and others' health.

HLTH 4400 - Drugs and Violence in Health Education
3 credit hours
Offers an understanding of the nature of drugs, relationships people form with drugs, and consequences of those relationships. Relationship of drugs to acts of violence considered as well as educational programs addressing issues related to drug use/abuse and acts of violence.

HLTH 4460 - Introduction to Epidemiology
3 credit hours
Epidemiologic analysis including measures of disease frequency, measures of effect, association and causation, sources of inaccuracy, experimental and observational study designs.

HLTH 4600 - Technology Applications
1 credit hour
Prerequisite: An introductory course in computer literacy or equivalent with instructor permission; corequisite: HLTH 4601. Understanding and competency using a variety of technology applications related to the profession. Students required to enroll in corresponding lab during the same semester.

HLTH 4601 - Technology Applications Lab
2 credit hours
Corequisite: HLTH 4600. Investigation and application of profession-specific software and hardware applications.

HLTH 4700 - Coordinated School Health
3 credit hours
Offers preparation for individuals to assume roles as school health coordinators. Emphasizes comprehensive school health and how it fits into K-12 education.

HLTH 4810 - Measurement and Evaluation
3 credit hours
Concepts and procedures used for applied measurement and evaluation in health and human performance settings. Basic statistics, reliability and validity, measurement instruments in field and laboratory settings, and the administration of a variety of tests within discipline.

HLTH 4860 - Program Planning in Health Education
3 credit hours
Historical and contemporary health education philosophy and theories, Health Objectives for the Nation, the Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES) process, ethical issues, diversity issues, and practice in various setting.

HLTH 4870 - Methods of Communicating and Marketing Health Education
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: HLTH 3320 and HLTH 3340. Theory and practice of planning, implementing, and evaluating marketing and communication programs in community and public health education. Includes a review of health communication theories, social marketing, assessment of population needs, coalition-building, health literacy, health advocacy and campaign design, implementation, and evaluation.

HLTH 4900 - Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES) Review
1 credit hour
For Health majors; to be taken with HLTH 4250. Responsibilities and competencies on the Certified Health Education Specialist examination.

HLTH 4920 - Independent Study
1 to 3 credit hours
(Same as ATHT 4920/EXSC 4920/PHED 4920/LSTS 4920.) Independent study topics based on a study plan prepared in cooperation with a faculty supervisor. Culminates in a formal paper and/or comprehensive examination. Application forms must be completed and approved prior to enrollment. A maximum of three credit hours may be applied toward degree.