Case Categories: Anonymous Speech
This is a list of First Amendment cases involving protection of anonymous speech.
The Supreme Court has protected anonymity under the First Amendment, but as with other constitutional rights, it has balanced protection for anonymous speech against competing interests, notably in the areas of political activity, campaign finance, and use of the Internet.
From the United States’ earliest days, speakers addressing controversial public questions have sought anonymity.
For example, the authors of the Federalist Papers, which supported ratification of the Constitution, published under the pseudonym Publius, and the revolutionary-era pamphleteers had published under assumed names, often to escape prosecution.
- John Doe #1 v. Reed (2010)
In Doe No. 1 v. Reed (2010), the Court upheld a state law requiring the disclosure of referendum signers and ruled that the law on its face does not violate the...
- Lewis Publishing Company v. Morgan (1913)
A free press challenge by two New York publishers to a 1912 U.S. Post Office law requiring newspapers who received the reduced cost of second-class mailings to...
- McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995)
In McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995), the Court ruled that an Ohio statute requiring author identification on election-related publications violated...
- Talley v. California (1960)
Talley v. California (1960) ruled that an ordinance requiring all handbills to identify the person who published them violated the First Amendment freedoms of...
- Zwickler v. Koota (1967)