• Athletic Training
    Well-equipped labs
    broaden student opportunities
  • Athletic Training
    Frequent hands-on practice
    is part of being at MTSU
  • Athletic Training
    MTSU offers three years of clinical experience
  • Athletic Training
    MTSU is committed
    to
    student success

Athletic Training

As hard as humans work, they often play just as hard—in the athletic arena, from collegiate and professional sports to various recreational leagues enjoyed by people of all ages. Athletic trainers are certified health care providers who impart knowledge and skill to address the many facets of athletic activity, from preventing, treating, and assessing injuries to facilitating rehabilitation and return to activity along with counseling on proper nutrition and general health and wellness. It’s much more than taping a sprained ankle or standing on a sideline at a game. A major in Athletic Training at MTSU offers the skills needed to pursue this exciting career path. Students approach preparing for this profession through a holistic integrated health care/medical model with numerous academic and clinical experiences. The program is based on the essentials and guidelines of the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) of the American Medical Association and the Board of Certification (BOC). The program has been accredited at the entry-level since 2002.

A key component of the Athletic Training program is hands-on, clinical education experiences

Hands-on training a must

Hands-on, clinical education experiences form a key component of the Athletic Training program, with students learning under the direct supervision of an athletic trainer. Students have opportunities for a variety of clinical experiences, ranging from working with athletic trainers for area high school and college teams to summer experiences with professional sports franchises such as the Tennessee Titans, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and the Arizona Cardinals. Students are also exposed to other allied health professionals such as physical therapists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners; they also have opportunities to interact with physicians. And while other university programs offer only two years of clinical experience, the MTSU program offers three years to better train students for the real world.

Athletic trainers can be found in a variety of settings

Not just about athletes

Think about an athletic trainer as a medical professional who is a cross between an emergency medical technician (EMT) and a physical therapist. Athletic trainers can be found in a variety of settings, from working in the performing arts arena with renowned groups such as Cirque du Soleil and Disney World and Disney Land to working within industrial and corporate settings to assist employees with proper safety measures and onsite physical rehab for workplace injuries. Other avenues in which the athletic trainer may obtain employment are with the military/law enforcement, as a physician extender, and in clinical outreach.

Athletic trainers can find careers within a variety of organizations, from professional sports organizations to corporations interested in employee wellness to hospitals and rehabilitation clinics. Examples include 

  • Administrator
  • Athletic trainer (high school, college, or professional settings)
  • Corporate fitness and wellness
  • Emergency room sports medicine liaison
  • Physician extender
  • Surgical and casting technologist


Employees of MTSU alumni include, but are not limited to

  • Arizona Cardinals
  • Baptist Hospital
  • Doctors Hospital, Georgia
  • East Tennessee State University
  • Hamilton Medical Center, Georgia
  • Southern Tennessee Medical Center
  • STAR Physical Therapy
  • Tennessee Orthopedic Alliance
  • Trevecca Nazarene University
  • Vanderbilt Sports Medicine

Athletic Training students are encouraged to join MTSU's Student Athletic Trainer Association(SATA). The purpose of SATA is to promote interest in athletic training and educate the members on relative subjects in sports medicine. Click here for more information.

Professional Organizations

Click here for a list of affiliation sites.

Written Simulation Exams


Written Exams

 

Dr. Helen Binkley
Associate Professor 
helen.binkley@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8192 
Office | Room 109, Alumni Memorial Gym (AMG) 
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
Ph.D., Temple University, PA (1996)
M.S., University of Delaware (1988)
B.S., University of Delaware (1985)
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Brett Chiasson
Assistant Athletic Trainer
brett.chiasson@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8304 
Office | Murphy Center (MC) 
Mail | MTSU Box 77, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
M.S., Middle Tennessee State University (2011)
B.S., Nicholls State University, LA (2009)
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Alison Ness
Assistant Athletic Trainer  
alison.ness@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8303

Degree Information
M.S., West Virginia State University (2002)
B.S., Slippery Rock University, PA (2000)
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Kristi Phillips
Instructor | Outreach Clinical Coordinator 
kristi.phillips@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8326
Office | Room 110, Murphy Center (MC) 
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
M.E.D., Auburn University, AL (1999)
B.S., University of Illinois, Urbana (1997)
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Drew Shea
Head Athletic Trainer 
drew.shea@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8304
Office | Room 47, Murphy Center (MC) 
Mail | MTSU Box 77, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
M.S., West Virginia State University (1998)
B.S., West Virginia State University (1987)
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Robbie Stewart
Athletic Trainer 
robbie.stewart@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8302 
Mail | MTSU Box 77, Murfreesboro, TN 37132
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Dr. William Whitehill
Athletic Training Studies Coordinator | Associate Professor
william.whitehill@mtsu.edu

Phone | 615-904-8453
Office | Room 112, Alumni Memorial Gym (AMG)
Mail | MTSU Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information
Ed.D., University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (1992)
M.A., Morehead State University, KY (1979)
A.B., Morehead State University, KY (1973)
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Undergraduate

For students who want to become athletic trainers, a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Athletic Training is available. Undergraduate degree curriculum for Athletic Training;contains both an academic and clinical component. The academic component is based upon a firm science foundation with emphasis on anatomy and physiology. It is imperative that students have a solid background and understanding of anatomy and human movement.

The clinical component of the program is based upon a formal clinical rotation sequence under the direct supervision of a certified athletic trainer (ATC) who is an approved clinical instructor. The first sequence of clinical experiences are part of clinical courses ATHT 3000-3001-3002 and 3003. In ATHT 3000 and 3001, students are rotated through clinical experience at Middle Tennessee State University MTSU. In ATHT 3002 and 3003, clinical rotations are in local high schools and other traditional sport settings off campus. Clinical experiences require an average of 20 hours per week, often including weekend sport coverage. After the students have successfully completed coursework in therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation, they complete a practicum in a sports medicine/physical therapy clinic under the supervision of either an ATC or physical therapist. This practicum is done through an entire summer session. During a student's;the senior year, students they complete their last sequence of the clinical component and are assigned to semi-independent experiences with traditional sports experiences under the supervision of an ATC or other approved medical or allied health care provider.

Graduate

Graduate programs in the department leading to Master of Science (M.S.) degrees are majors in Exercise Science; Health and Human Performance, which has two concentrations: Health and Physical Education; and Leisure and Sport Management, which also has two concentrations: Recreation and Leisure Services and Sport Industry.

The Health and Human Performance Department also offers a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in Human Performance with a specialization in Exercise Science.

Other Degree programs offered by HHP

Other undergraduate majors offered by the Health and Human Performance Department that lead to a B.S. include Exercise Science; Health Education with two concentrations: Community and Public Health and Health Education and Lifetime Wellness; Leisure, Sport, and Tourism Studies; and Physical Education.

Department offerings also include a major in Speech and Theatre with a concentration in Communication Disorders; this program leads to either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree.

Undergraduate minors available through the Health and Human Performance Department are Health, Health and Physical Education, Health and Human Performance, Recreation, Athletic Coaching and Officiating, Driver and Traffic Safety Education, and Communication Disorders.

Click here to access the Athletic Training Program Application for Admission.

An academic map is a suggested four-year schedule of courses based on degree requirements in the undergraduate catalog. This sample schedule serves as a general guideline to help build a full schedule each term. Milestones, courses, and special requirements necessary for timely progress to complete a major are designated to keep you on track to graduate in four years. Missing milestones could delay your program

This map based on the 2013-2014 undergraduate catalog is not a substitute for academic advisement - contact your advisor if you have any questions about scheduling or about your degree requirements. Also see the current undergraduate catalog (catalog.mtsu.edu) for a complete list of requirements and electives. Note: Requirements are continually under revision, and there is no guarantee they will not be changed or revoked; contact the department and/or program area for current information. 

You may choose to attend a summer term to reduce your load during fall or spring terms but still stay on track to graduate in four years (see below). NOTE: Learning Support courses will alter the sequences on this map.

Athletic Training Academic Map

Department of Health and Human Performance
Middle Tennessee State University | Murfreesboro


Suggested Fall/Spring and Summer/Fall/Spring Four-Year Schedule

Refer to the scholarships website for information regarding use of the Lottery Scholarship for the summer term.

Click here for printer friendly academic map.

FRESHMAN FALL FRESHMAN SPRING
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
ENGL 1010 (Comm)3  ENGL 1020 (Comm)3 
ATHT 35803Must earn B- or higher HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
MATH 1710 or MATH 1530 (Math)3  ATHT 35703Must earn B- or higher; requires observational hours for program adm.
BIOL 2010/2011 (Nat Sci)4Must earn B- or higher Hum/FA (Rubric 1)3 
Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 1)3  COMM 2200 (Comm)3 
SUBTOTAL16  SUBTOTAL15Apply to program and program interviews
SOPHOMORE FALL SOPHOMORE SPRING
ATHT 3000 (Clinical A; on campus)3Must earn B- or higher ATHT 39503Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 35902Must earn B- or higher ATHT 3001 (Clinical B; on/off campus)3Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 4200/42013Must earn B- or higher NFS 12403Must earn C- or higher
ATHT 3900/39013Must earn B- or higher HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
ATHT 39802Must earn B- or higher BIOL 2020/2021 4Must earn C- or higher
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL16 
NOTE: Students must be admitted to Athletic Training program before beginning sophomore coursework.
JUNIOR FALL JUNIOR SPRING
ATHT 39603Must earn B- or higher ATHT 49604Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 3002 (Clinical C; off campus)3Must earn B- or higher ATHT 4970/49713Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 4500 or ATHT 48203Must earn B- or higher ATHT 3003 (Clinical D; off campus)3Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 40003Must earn B- or higher EXSC 3830/38314Must earn C- or better
ENGL 2020, ENGL 2030, or HUM 2610 (Hum/FA)3     
SUBTOTAL15  SUBTOTAL14 
SENIOR FALL SENIOR SPRING
ATHT 4500 or ATHT 48203Must earn B- or higher ATHT guided elective3Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 49803Must earn B- or higher EXSC 42403Must earn C- or higher
ATHT 4950 (on/off campus)3Must earn B- or higher ATHT 49753Must earn B- or higher
PSY 1410 (Soc/Beh Sci) 3Must earn C- or higher ATHT 4990 (on/off campus)3Must earn B- or higher
Hum/FA (Rubric 2)3  PHYS 2010/2011 or CHEM 1110/1111 (Nat Sci)4 
SUBTOTAL15  SUBTOTAL16 

TOTAL HOURS IN PROGRAM: 120

FRESHMAN SUMMER
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
Soc/Beh Sci (Rubric 1)3  COMM 2200 (Comm)3 
SUBTOTAL3  SUBTOTAL3 
FRESHMAN FALL FRESHMAN SPRING
ENGL 1010 (Comm)3  ENGL 1020 (Comm)3 
ATHT 35803Must earn B- or higher HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
MATH 1710 or MATH 1530 (Math)3  ATHT 35703Must earn B- or higher; requires observational hours for program adm.
BIOL 2010/ 2011 (Nat Sci)4Must earn B- or higher Hum/FA (Rubric 1)3 
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL12Apply to program and program interviews
SOPHOMORE SUMMER
CourseHoursMilestones/Notes CourseHoursMilestones/Notes
ENGL 2020, ENGL 2030, or HUM 2610 (Hum/FA)3  BIOL 2020/20214Must earn C- or better
SUBTOTAL3  SUBTOTAL4 
NOTE: Students must be admitted to Athletic Training program before beginning sophomore coursework.
SOPHOMORE FALL SOPHOMORE SPRING
ATHT 3000 (Clinical A; on campus)3Must earn B- or higher ATHT 39503Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 35902Must earn B- or higher ATHT 3001 (Clinical B; on/off campus)3Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 4200/42013Must earn B- or higher NFS 12403Must earn C- or higher
ATHT 3900/39013Must earn B- or higher HIST 2010, HIST 2020, or HIST 20303 
ATHT 39802Must earn B- or higher    
SUBTOTAL13  SUBTOTAL12 
JUNIOR FALL JUNIOR SPRING
ATHT 39603Must earn B- or higher ATHT 49604Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 3002 (Clinical C; off campus)3Must earn B- or higher ATHT 4970/49713Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 4500 or ATHT 48203Must earn B- or higher ATHT 3003 (Clinical D; off campus)3Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 40003Must earn B- or higher EXSC 3830/38314Must earn C- or higher
SUBTOTAL12  SUBTOTAL14 
SENIOR SUMMER
PSY 1410 (Soc/Beh Sci)3Must earn C- or higher PHYS 2010/2011 or CHEM 1110/1111 (Nat Sci)4 
SUBTOTAL3  SUBTOTAL4 
SENIOR FALL SENIOR SPRING
ATHT 4500 or ATHT 48203Must earn B- or higher ATHT guided elective3Must earn B- or higher
ATHT 49803Must earn B- or higher EXSC 42403Must earn C- or higher
ATHT 4950 (on/off campus)3Must earn B- or higher ATHT 49753Must earn C- or higher
Hum/FA (Rubric 2)3  ATHT 4990 (on/off campus)3Must earn B- or higher
SUBTOTAL12  SUBTOTAL12 

TOTAL HOURS IN PROGRAM:120


Graduation information may be accessed here.

Athletic Training

ATHT 3000 - Clinical A in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: ATHT 3570, ATHT 3580. Psychomotor skills used in the application of protective equipment, emergency procedures, care and treatment of athletic injuries, and use of basic modalities. A minimum of 200 clinical hours under the direct supervision of an approved clinical instructor required.

ATHT 3001 - Clinical B in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: ATHT 3000; corequisite: ATHT 3950. Psychomotor skills used in the evaluation and assessment of injuries to the lower extremities. A minimum of 200 clinical hours under the direct supervision of an approved clinical instructor required.

ATHT 3002 - Clinical C in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: ATHT 3001; corequisite: ATHT 3960. Psychomotor skills used in the evaluation and assessment of injuries to the upper extremities and thorax. A minimum of 200 clinical hours under the supervision of an approved clinical instructor required.

ATHT 3003 - Clinical D in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: ATHT 3002. Psychomotor skills used in the rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries. A minimum of 200 clinical hours under the direct supervision of an approved clinical instructor required.

ATHT 3570 - Psychomotor Skills in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Various athletic training topics with emphasis on the application of supportive and protective taping. A minimum of 60 directed clinical hours of observation and experiential learning required.

ATHT 3580 - Prevention and Care of Athletic Injuries
3 credit hours
Modern principles in the care, prevention, and management of sports injuries.

ATHT 3590 - Athletic Training Medical Documentation and Terminology
2 credit hours
Athletic training medical terminology and how to utilize appropriately for medical records and documentation, medical insurance and reimbursement, allied/medical health teams, case studies, and medical referrals. Not a substitute class for HUM 2130.

ATHT 3900 - Human Structure and Movement in Sport and Injury
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 2010/BIOL 2011 and/or BIOL 2030/BIOL 2031. Corequisite: ATHT 3901. Exposure to the structural and functional components of human anatomy, including musculoskeletal origins, insertions, actions, and innervations; the ability to identify landmarks, surface markings, and palpations on a live model; to describe functional movements in various sport activities, then classify and identify which muscles work together to create the motions, identify normal and atypical patterns and characteristics. Emphasis placed on normal walking and running gait, posture, throwing, kicking, and jumping.

ATHT 3901 - Human Structure and Movement in Sport and Injury Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite: ATHT 3900. Laboratory to accompany ATHT 3900.

ATHT 3950 - Evaluation and Assessment of Injuries to the Lower Extr
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: ATHT 3570; BIOL 2010/BIOL 2011. Corequisite: ATHT 3001 or permission of instructor. Evaluation and assessment of athletic injuries to the lower extremities and lumbar spine.

ATHT 3960 - Evaluation and Assessment of Injuries to the Upper Extr
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: ATHT 3570; ATHT 3950; BIOL 2010/BIOL 2011, BIOL 2020/BIOL 2021. Corequisite: ATHT 3002 or permission of instructor. Evaluation and assessment of athletic injuries to the upper extremities and thorax.

ATHT 3980 - Introduction to Evidence-Based Medicine in Athletic Tra
2 credit hours
For Athletic Training majors only. Introduces the concepts of evidence-based medicine and practice in the field of athletic training.

ATHT 4000 - Strength, Conditioning, and Human Performance
3 credit hours
(Same as ATHC 4000.) Prerequisites: BIOL 2020/BIOL 2021 or BIOL 2030/BIOL 2031; PHED 4910 or ATHT 3900/ATHT 3901  and weight training; or by permission of instructor. Theories and principles of strength training and conditioning and techniques used to become a strength and conditioning specialist or personal fitness trainer.

ATHT 4080 - Alternative Therapies in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
(Same as HLTH 4080.) Examines the didactic and psychomotor concepts of various alternative and complementary therapies as they relate to the profession of athletic training.

ATHT 4200 - Acute Trauma and Emergency Care in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: ATHT 3580 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: ATHT 4201. Competencies and proficiencies used in the identification, evaluation, management, and prevention of acute traumatic conditions in sports requiring emergency care in. In addition, administrative and risk management aspects of planning for an emergency injury/illness situation.

ATHT 4201 - Acute Trauma and Emergency Care in Athletic Training La
0 credit hours
Prerequisite: ATHT 3580 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: ATHT 4200. Laboratory to accompany ATHT 4200.

ATHT 4430 - Practicum in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: ATHT 3003, ATHT 4960, and ATHT 4970. Athletic training internship in a nontraditional athletic training setting. A minimum of 150 clinical hours under the direct supervision of a clinical instructor required.

ATHT 4500 - Therapeutic Medications and Ergogenic Aids in Sports
3 credit hours
Principles, theories, and issues of the physiological and psychological response to pharmacological use and abuse of therapeutic medications and ergogenic aids in sports. Taught fall semester, odd years.

ATHT 4820 - Organization and Administration of Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Provides the basic knowledge necessary to organize and manage an allied health care professional setting, specifically in athletic training. Information on current laws, professional standards, ethics, and issues of confidentiality addressed. Taught fall semester, even years.

ATHT 4920 - Independent Study
1 to 3 credit hours
(Same as EXSC 4920/HLTH 4920/PHED 4920/LSTS 4920.) Independent study topics based on a study plan prepared in cooperation with a faculty supervisor. Culminates in a formal paper and/or comprehensive examination. Application forms must be completed and approved prior to enrollment. A maximum of three credit hours may be applied toward degree.

ATHT 4950 - Pathology of Sport Illness and Consideration of Special
3 credit hours
Pathology of special problems and general medical conditions of athletes and others involved in physical activity. Includes an athletic training field experience.

ATHT 4960 - Rehabilitation Techniques
4 credit hours
Prerequisites: ATHT 3950 and ATHT 3960. Methods and techniques in the selection and application of rehabilitation techniques.

ATHT 4965 - Aquatic Exercise and Therapeutic Rehabilitation Techniq
3 credit hours
(Same as EXSC 4965/LSTS 4965.) Examines the various uses of the aquatic environment to develop, maintain, and improve physical performance with practical development of skills and techniques and aquatic exercise programming. Combines both didactic and laboratory activities in an experiential learning environment.

ATHT 4970 - Therapeutic Modalities
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: BIOL 2010/BIOL 2011, BIOL 2020/BIOL 2021; ATHT 3950, ATHT 3960. Corequisite:  ATHT 4971.  Principles, theories, methods, and techniques in the application of selected therapeutic modalities. Includes a laboratory experience of psychomotor skills used in the application of therapeutic modalities.

ATHT 4971 - Therapeutic Modalities Lab
0 credit hours
Corequisite:  ATHT 4970. Laboratory to accompany  ATHT 4970.

ATHT 4975 - Psychosocial Aspects of Sport, Health, and Rehabilitati
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: PSY 1410, ATHT 4960, or permission of instructor. Explores psychosocial issues of sport, health, and rehabilitation. Mental health and psychological problems and referrals; intervention strategies, interaction skills, and psychological techniques for injury, rehabilitation, return to play, adherence, sport performance, and sport enhancement. Introduces substance abuse, disordered eating and nutritional issues, and catastrophic injury and injury.

ATHT 4980 - Advanced Evidence-Based Medicine in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: ATHT 3980 and ATHT 4960. Evidence based medicine is used to produce clinical relevant questions and the research process to investigate those questions. Emphasis on writing and developing sound research question and proposal, literature review, experimental design and methodology, and presentation techniques explored.

ATHT 4990 - Senior Seminar in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: ATHT 4960, ATHT 4970. Offers preparation for the BOC examination and discussion of current research in athletic training and sports medicine. Engages students in the process of reviewing, analyzing, discussing, and synthesizing research. Includes an athletic training field experience.

ATHT 4999 - Independent Research in Athletic Training
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: Permission of department. Gives students the opportunity to complete the project begun in ATHT 4980 or a new project with the potential for local, regional, national, or international presentations and publications. Course set up independently depending on the type of research project the student is going to perform.

Our Philosophy

It is our philosophy at MTSU to provide each student with a holistic education that includes a vast array of professional experiences. There are five goals of the program:

  • To provide each student with a quality undergraduate education
  • To prepare each student to successfully pass the BOC examination and gain their athletic training certification.
  • To develop each student into a quality citizen who will be active in the community and in the profession.
  • To assist students in securing employment and or further educational opportunities upon graduation.
  • To provide continuing education opportunities for alumni.​

Admission Criteria

Prior to be considered as a candidate for admission into the program, a student must have completed a letter of application including 3 three recommendations. The student must have also completed 24 hours of academic course work and have a minimum overall GPA of 2.5. After meeting these requirements, acceptance into the program is based upon 4 four weighted criteria. Students with the top 20 scores will be considered for admission into the program.

Overall grade point average of 2.5 or better 45 pts
Grade of B- or better in ATHT 3580, ATHT 2590, BIO 2010 20 pts
Clinical evaluation of 60 observation hours 45 pts
Interview 15 pts
Total points 125 pts


Forms and Manuals 

For Prospective Students:


For Undergraduate Students:

For Graduate Students:

Graduate Rate and BOC Examination Pass Rate

  2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 MEAN Values for 3 years
Graduates 5 11 12  
First Time pass 4 11  
% First Time Pass 0.80 0.82  1.00 0.87
Other Pass 0 0  
% Other Pass Rate 0.00 0.09  0.00 0.03
Total Pass Rate 0.80 0.91 1.00 0.90
Did Not Take or Did Not Complete Exam Process 1 1 0  
% Did Not Take or Did Not Complete Exam Process 0.20 0.09 0.00 0.10


For more information about the Athletic Training program, you may contact: Dr. Helen Binkley, Department of HHP, MTSU, Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132. (615) 904-8192 or Helen.Binkley@mtsu.edu.